Hive – Miscellaneous interview questions.

1). How to convert an external table to internal table?

We can achieve this by using below command:

ALTER TABLE <table_name> SET TBLPROPERTIES('EXTERNAL'='FALSE');

If we have an external table called employee, to convert it from external to internal we can use the above command as:

ALTER TABLE employee SET TBLPROPERTIES('EXTERNAL'='FALSE');

To switch from internal to external we can use the same command with the property EXTERNAL changed to TRUE as shown below:

ALTER TABLE employee SET TBLPROPERTIES('EXTERNAL'='TRUE');

 

2). How to add a new column between two existing columns in Hive?
We can achieve this using alter table command.

Firstly, we need to add the new column to the table by using below command:

alter table <table_name> add columns(<new_column> <data_type>);

Now we can change the column position to wherever we want. For this we can use after command, which takes an extra column name after which we want place our new column. The command will be as shown below:

alter table <table_name> change column <newly_added_column> <data_type> after <target_colum>;

Here I have created employee with only two columns id and name. Then I have added a new column salary of data type int using alter command.
The column salary added after the last column name. After that I have changed the position of salary command usin alter command next to id column. The series of commands that I have used are below:

create table employee( id int, name string) stored as textfile;
alter table employee add columns(salary int);
alter table employee change column salary salary bigint after id;

 

 

3). How to rename a table in Hive?

To rename a table we can use the following command:

ALTER TABLE <table_name> RENAME TO <new_table_name>;

But there is small small problem involved with this command while rename table if it is an external table. If we rename an internal or managed table. If we rename an external table it doesn't change its location that is pointing to the data in HDFS, but if it is an internal or managed table then the location pointing to the data changes. So before renaming, we have to switch the table from internal to external and then we can rename. This switching concept was discussed in the first question of this post. Please refer to it.

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